An open access, peer reviewed, bi-annual biomedical journal of the Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University

Editorial Board


Prof. Dr. Mohammad Iqbal Khan

MD, FRCS (E), FRCS (G), DUS (UK), MPHE (Neth)



Managing Editor

Dr. Fawad Kaiser

MBBS, MRCPsych, MCPS, LLM, MSc, Dip. Soc. Studies


Prof. Dr. Zahid Naeem


Associate Editors

1.       Prof. Dr. Raisa Gul



2.       Dr. Muhammad Amjad Sohail

MBBS, DABIM (USA), Dip Card (UK)


3.       Dr. Mustafeez M. Babar

Pharm.D, M.Phil, PhD


4.       Dr. Shahzad Khan Siddiqui



5.       Dr. Javeria Gulzar

MBBS, Certified Clinical Research Professional (Canada)

ICH-GCP Certified


6.       Dr. Ammad Fahim

MBBS, M.Phil (Virology)

ICH-GCP Certified


Ms. Mehwish Rafique

M.Sc Statistics


Mr. Muhammad Javed

MLIS, Chief Librarian, STMU

Journal Coordinator

Ms. Kholood Janjua

Pharm. D, MS (Bio-Medical Sciences)

ICH-GCP Certified

Members (National)

1.      Prof. Dr. Syed Nauman Bazmi Inam

Head of Department of Community Medicine

Director Department of Medical Education

CMH Institute of Medical Sciences

Bahwalpur, Pakistan

International Advisors

1.       Prof. Abdullah Ali Al Ghasham

Dean, College of Medicine, Qaseem University, Qaseem, KSA


2.       Prof. Saleh Al Damegh

Founding Dean, Unaizah College of Medicine and Applied Medical Sciences, KSA


3.       Prof. Dr. Khadiga Mohamed Fathy Dandash

Department of Public Health, Preventive and Scoial Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,

Suez Canal University, Egypt.


4.       Prof. Dr. Eltuhami M. Abdel Magied

Professor of Anatomy


5.       Prof. Dr. A. Rahman Al Mohaimeed

Chairman of Family Medcine

Editor-in-chief, IJHS

College of Medicine, Qassim University, KSA


6.       Prof. Dr. Eric G. Tangalos 

Professor of Medicine and Geriatrician 

Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota, USA


The Journal of Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University (JSTMU) is published bi-annually from the Secretariat office, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Gate-1, Shifa International Hospitals, Pitras Bukhari Road, Sector H-8/4, Islamabad, Pakistan.

All articles published represent the opinion of the authors and do not reflect official policy of the journal. All rights reserved to the Journal of Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University. No part of the Journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any other means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission, in writing, of the Journal of Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University.

Publication Office: STMU Secretariat, Gate No. 1, Shifa International Hospital, Pitras Bukhari Road, Sector H-8/4, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Telephone: +92-51-846-4215